THEORIES OF LEARNING

Theory of Association ( Stimulus – Response ) states that for every stimulus there is a corresponding response.

Connectionism, as we know, is formulated by Edward Lee Thorndike in 1900. It assumes that human activities are based on the association or connection between stimulus and response. It includes the 3 fundamental laws of learning:

a. Law of readiness – when an individual is prepared to respond or act, allowing him to do is satisfying, whereas preventing him would be annoying.

b. Law of Exercise – constant repetition of a response strengthens its connection with the stimulus, while disuse of a response weakens it.

c. Law of Effect – Learning is strengthened if it results in satisfaction, but it is weakened if it leads to vexation or annoyance.

Theory of Conditioning is a process by which a stimulus originally inadequate to produce a certain response in presenting simultaneously with an adequate stimulus.

There are 2 types of Conditioning theory : Classical conditioning and Operant Conditioning.

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